The damage caused by Tropical Storm Irene of 2011 highlighted the wisdom of scientifically-based, long-term river management. As the storm swept through Vermont, it became clear that in areas where rivers could temporarily expand, damage was minimized. In areas where rivers were constricted, encroached upon or straightened, there was extensive property damage. The good news is that sound river science leads to better protections not only for our infrastructure and public safety, but also for the ecology of rivers. VNRC strongly supports the science-based approach that the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources has taken to managing our rivers.