Education and Advocacy

There is no state in the nation better positioned to shape its future, including on issues related to how we use and generate energy. In partnership with organizations, businesses, communities, members and concerned citizens, VNRC works to help Vermonters chart a sustainable, clean energy future by raising awareness and motivating meaningful action on energy solutions that:

  • Protect our environment.
  • Combat climate change.
  • Support Vermont’s economy.

We undertake exhaustive research and analysis and develop, promote and help implement bold, workable clean energy solutions. From digging in at the local level with committed Vermonters to helping to shape state-level policy, our work takes us from the grassroots to the Legislature.

With more Vermonters focused on developing efficient, renewable, homegrown energy solutions, Vermont can turn the state’s energy challenges into opportunity. Find out how you can get involved — including how you can start or join a community energy committee — by contacting VNRC’s Energy Program Director Johanna Miller at or 802-223-2328 ext. 112.

2018 Weekly Climate Dispatches

Curious what is happening at the State House and how you can make your voice heard? Tune into the online conversation by following the #ActOnClimateVT hashtag on social media, and watch our weekly legislative update posted shortly after 12PM on Fridays:

  • Mid-summer (20th Climate Dispatch): July 20, 2018 >> VNRC’s Johanna Miller reviews the progress around Vermont’s climate goals (spoiler alert: not good!), and Lauren Hierl of Vermont Conservation Voters shares how we can all help make sure candidates are serious about climate change policies if elected to office this season.
  • Week 20: May 18, 2018 >> VNRC’s Johanna Miller and Lauren Hierl of Vermont Conservation Voters review the 2018 legislative session, which still isn’t finalized, and give an update on what’s still in play on climate & clean energy. Please share widely!
  • Week 19: May 11, 2018 >> Our guest today is longtime climate champion Rep. David Deen! We’re in the last minutes of the legislative session, so we need everyone to call the Governor and urge him to move forward his own Climate Commission’s recommendations.
  • Week 18: May 4, 2018 >> Don’t miss today’s 18th Climate Dispatch with Senate President Pro Tem Tim Ashe! Today’s action: call the Governor and urge him to take his Climate Action Commission’s recommendations seriously.
  • Week 17: April 27, 2018 >> VNRC’s Johanna Miller is joined by Senators Dick McCormack and Alice Nitka of the Windsor District to talk about the Senate’s approval of the climate package in the budget. Take action by calling your senators to thank them for being on the right side of history.
  • Week 16: April 20, 2018 >> VNRC and VCV intern Aleks Taylor joins Lauren Hierl of Vermont Conservation Voters to talk about what climate initiatives he’s tracked in the State House, as well as his experience as an intern. Today’s action: Make sure your senators know to support the climate package in the budget!
  • Week 15: April 13, 2018 >> Senator Ginny Lyons joins Lauren Hierl of Vermont Conservation Voters talk about the Youth Rally for the Planet and what’s been happening on climate in the State House. Today’s action: ask your senators to approve the climate package in the budget!
  • Week 14: April 6, 2018 >> Our organizer, Hannah Huber, joins Lauren Hierl of Vermont Conservation Voters to say thanks to you activists! Today’s action: Thank your senators and/or keep up the pressure on them.
  • Week 13: March 30, 2018 >> We turn our eyes to the Senate and Johanna Miller is joined by Rebecca Ramos of Necrason Group to discuss the climate package in the budget.
  • Week 12: Town Meeting Day week! 
  • Week 11: March 23, 2018 >> Lots going on in the VT House and Senate on climate and clean energy! Hear from Vermont Conservation Voters‘ Lauren Hierl and VPIRG‘s Ben Edgerly Walsh about legislation on pollinator-friendly solar arrays and appliance efficiency standards.
  • Week 10: Mar. 16, 2018 >> VNRC‘s Johanna Miller speaks with Representative Matt Trieber who offers an overview of a package of climate action priorities – all of which were recommendations of the Governor’s Climate Action Commission.
  • Week 9: Mar. 2, 2018 >> Representative Mike Yantachka and VCV‘s Lauren Hierl give a pre-Town Meeting Day update on a miscellaneous energy bill, changes to Efficiency Vermont’s program, and the carbon pricing study effort.
  • Week 8: Feb. 23, 2018 >> Our Johanna Miller is joined today by VPIRG’s Sarah Wolfe! A carbon pricing study bill begins to move forward, while Efficiency Vermont’s budget is threatened… Take action: call your legislators to ask them to help the study bill continue to move, and to defend Efficiency Vermont’s budget.
  • Week 7: Feb. 16, 2018 >> Today Lauren Hierl of Vermont Conservation Voters talks with VT Lt. Gov. Zuckerman! Take action: Call the Governor at 802-828-3333 to ask him to follow the recommendations of his own climate action commission and support policies to tackle the issue.
  • Week 6: Feb. 9, 2018 >> Representative Mollie Burke and VNRC’s Johanna Miller explain what went on this week. Today’s action: Call your legislators and urge them to support both a study on carbon pricing (H.763) and a ban on new fossil fuel infrastructure (H.746) in Vermont.
  • Week 5: Feb. 2, 2018 >> Climate Dispatch on week 5 of the legislative session brought to you by Vermont Conservation Voters‘s Lauren Hierl and our Johanna Miller! Today’s action: call the House Speaker Mitzi Johnson at 802.828.2245 and thank her for instructing all of her committees to do something towards climate action.
  • Week 4: Jan. 26, 2018 >> This week’s Climate Dispatch is brought to you by Rep. Sarah Copeland Hanzas and Dan Barlow of Vermont Businesses for Social Responsibility. Learn more about the ESSEX Plan here and contact your legislators to let the know you want them to take action on climate this session.
  • Week 3: Jan. 19, 2018 >> This week’s Climate Dispatch comes from Vermont Conservation Voters‘ Lauren Hierl and Senator Alison Hudnut Clarkson. Take action by calling the Governor’s office at 802-828-3339 and urge the administration to include all five of the Vermont Climate Action Commission’s recommendations in the State’s budget!
  • Week 2: Jan. 12, 2018 >> Climate dispatch from week 2 of the legislative session with VNRC’s Johanna Miller and Rep. Mary Sullivan of Burlington. This week’s action: Contact your legislators and ask them to make sure the VW Mitigation Funds are put to a good use and not to support “clean diesel”, and to support putting a price on carbon pollution.
  • Week 1: Jan. 5, 2018 >> Our first dispatch from the State House on climate! Johanna Miller of VNRC and Lauren Hierl of Vermont Conservation Voters discuss the first week of the 2018 legislative session. This week’s action: Submit your comment about the VW mitigation funds.


Update on Climate Action and Clean Energy Progress in the 2019 Legislature – March 29, 2019

There have been many bills introduced this legislative session that would help reduce Vermonters energy use, spur the market on electric vehicles, expand renewable energy deployment, turn our climate goals into commitments and take action commensurate with what’s required to drive down emissions – all aimed at creating jobs and helping low income earners participate, affordably, in the clean energy transition.

While not completely comprehensive (including new bills recently introduced in the Senate), you can find a list of many of the big energy and climate focused bills this session here.

It is important to note, however, that despite the number of bills introduced, there has not been much movement on advancing any of these bills or investments that could be made via budget appropriations or new fees/revenues.

Two areas where more action is happening are around weatherization and electric vehicles.

Weatherization: The push to reauthorize existing funding sources for low income weatherization (the Gross Receipts Tax and the current 2 cent/gallon fuel tax), took a solid step forward, with the House passing a bill that will add approximately $4 million dollars to this successful, underserved program. While the increase falls short of what Gov. Phil Scott’s Climate Action Commission recommended by about half – and much shorter of what’s needed – it was critical. And it wasn’t easy. There were several unfriendly amendments and attempts to derail the bill entirely.

The final bill – H.439 – would increase the existing fuel tax from 2 cents to 4 cents a gallon on heating fuels, raise the existing Gross Receipts Tax on natural gas from .75 to 1 percent, and from .75 to 1.5 percent on coal. Per a last minute amendment, farmers and foresters were exempted from having to pay the fuel tax – reducing the revenues that were anticipated to have been raised by about $600,000. The bill has now moved to the Senate, where they will take it up in the coming weeks – and where the conversation has already begun in the Senate Natural Resources & Energy Committee.

Please take a moment to thank House Speaker Mitzi Johnson and your representative(s), if they supported the bill (find links to the different amendments – and how people voted – here). And stay tuned to help push this forward in the Senate, where we will look to improve the bill.

Electric Vehicles, Vehicle Electrification and More Efficient Mobility:

Through the Transportation Bill – or T-Bill – and the budget, the Legislature is making a $1.5 million investment to create an electric vehicle inventive program. It’s a modest investment – but a start. It comes on the heels of $4.5 million dollars coming into the state from a consumer protection fraud settlement with Volkswagen and other auto manufacturers. Many – including low income, business, environmental, youth and others – have urged for using all that $4.5 million to help mitigate the damage from that manufacturer fraud and help Vermonters – especially low income earners – gain access to an electric or more efficient (potentially hybrid) vehicle. This has moved out of the House and the conversation – and action – is now taking place in the Senate, where there will be attempts to increase the investment.


H.51 & S.66 – This bill would ban the expansion of new, large-scale fossil fuel infrastructure. It has been introduced in House and Senate committees of jurisdiction (House Energy and Senate Natural Resources) but, to date, there has been no hearing or action on the bill.

H.423 – This will would effectively lift the current 500 kw net metering cap per customer for municipalities and schools specifically, thereby creating the opportunity for these public institutions to generate more of their electricity needs from clean, local, renewable energy. The bill has been introduced in the House Energy & Technology Committee and hearings on it began this week.

H.462 – This bill – the Global Warming Solutions Act – would follow the lead of other New England states and turn Vermont’s unmet, 2005 climate goals into requirements. The bill has been introduced in the House Energy & Technology Committee but no hearings or action has been taken on it. A Senate bill was also recently introduced.

H.463 – This bill – The Economy-Strengthening Strategic Energy eXchange (ESSEX) Plan

– lowers the cost of clean electricity and provides rebates for low-income and rural Vermonters. The bill has been introduced in the House Energy & Technology Committee but no hearings or action has been taken on it.
H.477 – An “An act relating to a carbon charge, public transportation, tax credits, weatherization, and incentives” – also called the “Vermont Equity and Infrastructure Act” is a 10-year/$1.6 billion plan to benefit equity, the economy and the environment and put Vermont on a path to actually meet our job-creating climate goals. It is a bill on par with what will be required to meet our climate pollution reduction goals – as well as ensure that low income, rural Vermonters and Vermont communities can participate in and benefit from reducing our reliance on imported fossil fuels. The bill has been introduced in the House Energy & Technology Committee but no hearings or action has been taken on it.
There is also a coalition of 25 low-income, affordable housing, business, public health, faith, social justice and environmental groups who have put forward a Climate Action Plan 2019. Check out this plan and this coalition’s shared priorities at:

2018 Legislative Lowdown on Climate Action and Clean Energy – May 25, 2018

Below is an overview of what moved on clean energy and climate-focused issues during Vermont’s 2018 legislative session, what didn’t, and why. Note, however, that while the Legislature adjourned in early May, a political showdown between Governor Phil Scott and legislators on several issues – including, potentially, some climate and clean energy related ones – means that there are a few things still in flux.

In general, despite the urgency and opportunity in taking action on climate change, the Legislature made only modest progress this year. Lawmakers deserve credit for moving several policies forward, however, and we hope that two other meaningful provisions – a climate package in the state budget, as well as funding for the Clean Energy Development Fund – don’t become bargaining chips in the impending showdown between Gov. Scott and the Legislature in the vetoed state budget. We will keep you posted on that, but here’s a summary of where things stand right now:


 THE STATE BUDGET, which includes a CLIMATE CHANGE PACKAGE: Lawmakers overwhelming passed a strong budget, including a “climate package” that includes four provisions based on the recommendations of Governor Scott’s Climate Action Commission. With broad bipartisan support, the House and Senate passed H.924 – the budget bill –with a section intended to move forward a few of the recommendations of Gov. Phil Scott’s Climate Action Commission. The four provisions in that climate package are:

  • A $120,000 allocation to support an impartial examination of multiple decarbonization policies, such as carbon pricing, cap and invest, etc.
  • Investing $200,000 in a woodstove change out program.
  • Weatherization loans and funding. This section includes two provisions: one enables the Vermont State Treasurer to invest up to $5 million in residential weatherization loans; the other small provision allocates $500,000 to help support greater investments in energy efficiency in state buildings.
  • Mandating that at least the first year of the 10-year, $18.7 million Volkswagen Settlement fund monies must go to support transportation electrification (rather than diesel or other fossil fuels).

While the Governor issued a letter earlier in the session that noted his opposition to a decarbonization study, it is unclear at this point – given the other large disagreements on education funding and other issues – whether the climate package of sufficient concern to Governor Scott to note in his budget veto explanation (despite the fact that the climate package merely reflects recommendations of his own climate commission). The veto means that every provision of the budget could become a bargaining chip as the final negotiations play out. Lawmakers will be back in Montpelier in the coming weeks to hammer out the budget and other issues. We will keep you posted as this evolves. In the meantime, you can read the climate package on page 110 of the budget – H.924.

Another provision included in the budget, and therefore still in flux, relates to the Clean Energy Development Fund. After a backhanded maneuver by the Scott Administration to transfer $500,000 out of the job-creating Clean Energy Development Fund (CEDF) to the General Fund – which would have essentially gutted the fund – lawmakers rejected that proposal and maintained those dollars in the CEDF. At the same time, lawmakers also went to bat for returning $453,000 owed to the CEDF (because extra funds were transferred in previous years from the CEDF to the General Fund to cover expenses for a solar tax credit that were not ultimately spent). These funds will be used to support the CEDF and CEDF-supported projects, like advanced wood heat. Gov. Scott’s impending veto of the budget threatens both of these efforts to ensure limited CEDF dollars continue to go to clean energy job creation.

For more background on this matter and the CEDF, read a letter VNRC sent to legislative leaders on this matter here.


Appliance Efficiency Standards and More. H.410 was originally a bill focused singularly on expanding the number of products required to have energy efficiency standards (particularly products not currently covered at the Federal level). The bill passed and was signed by the Governor and now includes:

  • Expanding efficiency standards to cover some energy-intensive products, including air compressors, commercial dishwashers, computers and computer monitors, and more. An important energy- and money-saving victory!
  • Two reports from the Public Utilities Commission (PUC) and the Department of Public Service (DPS) on grid constrained areas, including the Sheffield-Highgate Export Interface (SHEI) in the Northeast Kingdom. The significant transmission constraints in the SHEI have led utilities to call for a moratorium on new renewables in that area. Instead, this language would call for reports on a) the results of recent applications for new renewables in that area (from the PUC) and b) how to handle grid constrained issues across the state in a way that advances our renewable energy and climate goals, rather than impeding them.
  • Requires an annual report from the Public Service Department on progress toward our Comprehensive Energy Plan goals, an overview of annual energy consumption, projections on whether existing policies put us on track to meet the CEP goals and a request for recommendations on policy and other solutions to put us on a path to attain 90 percent renewable energy by 2050.
  • Electric Vehicles (EVs) Parking: Several provisions prohibit non-EVs from parking in spots with an EV charger.


The Miscellaneous Energy BillH.676, passed the Legislature with strong votes, and was signed into law by Gov. Scott. The core provisions of the bill are:

  • Eliminating the setback requirements for solar parking lot canopies.
  • Eliminating the Agency of Natural Resources permit fees for rooftop solar (up to 500 kW).
  • Establishes a voluntary standard for pollinator-friendly habitat on sites hosting solar electric generation
  • A new fee on solar projects 50-139 kW (to align the fees for ANR with the projects they currently review).


Expanding Opportunities for Businesses to Undertake Self-Managed Efficiency. Lawmakers passed and the Governor signed H.739; a bill that creates a three-year efficiency pilot program capped at $2 million dollars per year. It gives Efficiency Vermont more flexibility in working with businesses who apply for the program (by partnering with them to install energy storage systems, for instance). This bill began as an aggressive proposal by the Scott Administration that efficiency advocates worried would threaten the stability and system-wide benefits provided by electric efficiency and Efficiency Vermont. The end result, however, was a modest “win” for expanding and diversifying energy efficiency services. It ensures that this pilot is under the purview of and in partnership with Efficiency Vermont, which is essential to ensure the integrity of the program and ensure the benefits of system-wide efficiency are enjoyed by all Vermonters – not just participating businesses.

PASSED but not yet SIGNED:

S.276 – The Rural Economic Development bill, Including an Incentive for Advanced Wood Heat. This bill enables up to $200,000 (paid from the Clean Energy Development Fund) to pay for exempting purchases of advanced wood heating systems from paying the state sales tax for three years. The goal and hope for this is to help reduce the upfront cost of these systems, thereby incentivizing their installation.


The electric bill-reducing “ESSEX” carbon pricing plan. Lawmakers in both the House and Senate had introduced bills modeled off of the innovative idea put forward by business, academic, low income and environmental advocates last November. This plan – the “Economy Strengthening Strategic Energy eXchange” – or ESSEX plan – would put a gradually rising price on heating and transportation fuels – the state’s two biggest GHG emitting sectors – and return all of that revenue to Vermonters by reducing their electric bills, helping to accelerate the transition to renewable electrification. The ESSEX Plan also provides additional financial relief to lower-income and rural Vermonters to offset the higher costs of heating fuel and gasoline. 284 is the Senate version of the policy concept and H.791 is the House version. It was never anticipated that these bills would move this year, but hearings took place on both bills. If passed, the carbon pricing/decarbonization study will help shed light on the costs, benefits and value of this approach and others, and will help inform any future potential policy – ESSEX or beyond.

  • Prohibit New Fossil Fuel Infrastructure Project Development.Mary Sullivan (Burlington) introduced a bill – H.746 – that would effectively halt the development of new fossil fuel projects in Vermont. The bill got a hearing in the House Energy & Technology Committee but stalled for this year.


Stay tuned in! Visit for more info and, each week, stay tuned to what’s happening – or not – on climate and clean energy in the Vermont Legislature by following VNRC’s “Climate Dispatch from the State House.” Check out each week’s “Climate Dispatch” at and follow (and SHARE!) each week at #ActonClimateVT via Facebook and Twitter.

Also, be sure to follow timely policy issues, events, programs and opportunities by signing up (and encouraging others to sign up) for VECAN’s newsletter at and VNRC’s at Also, if you’re inspired, members make our work possible. Learn more about joining VNRC at too. Thanks for all you do!


Read the end-of-session (pre- special session) wrap-up here.

Read the mid-session legislative update here.